Wednesday, April 30, 2014

The Element no. 32

copyright 2014 M. Berry Jr.                                                                                                            @butchberry

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

The Element no. 31

copyright 2014 M. Berry Jr.                                                           @butchberry

Friday, April 25, 2014

The Element no. 30

copyright 2014 M. Berry, Jr.                                                                                                                             @butchberry

Thursday, April 24, 2014

The Element no. 29

copyright 2014 M. Berry Jr.                                                                                                                          @butchberry

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

The Element no. 22

Copyright 2014 M. Berry, Jr.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with the symbol S and atomic number 16. It is an abundantmultivalent non-metal. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid when at room temperature. Chemically, sulfur can react as either an oxidant or reducing agent. It oxidizesmost metals and several nonmetals, including carbon, which leads to its negative charge in most organosulfur compounds, but it reduces several strong oxidants, such as oxygen and fluorine.
Sulfur occurs naturally as the pure element (native sulfur) and as sulfide andsulfate minerals. Elemental sulfur crystals are commonly sought after by mineral collectors for their distinct, brightly colored polyhedron shapes. Being abundant in native form, sulfur was known in ancient times, mentioned for its uses in ancient Indiaancient GreeceChina and Egypt. Fumes from burning sulfur were used as fumigants, and sulfur-containing medicinal mixtures were used as balms and antiparasitics. Sulfur is referred to in the Bible as brimstone(burn stone) in English, with this name still used in several nonscientific tomes.[3] It was needed to make the best quality of black gunpowder. In 1777,Antoine Lavoisier helped convince the scientific community that sulfur was a basic element rather than a compound.
Elemental sulfur was once extracted from salt domes where it sometimes occurs in nearly pure form, but this method has been obsolete since the late 20th century. Today, almost all elemental sulfur is produced as a byproduct of removing sulfur-containing contaminants from natural gas and petroleum. The element's commercial uses are primarily in fertilizers, because of the relatively high requirement of plants for it, and in the manufacture of sulfuric acid, a primary industrial chemical. Other well-known uses for the element are inmatchesinsecticides and fungicides. Many sulfur compounds are odoriferous, and the smell of odorized natural gas, skunk scent, grapefruit, and garlic is due to sulfur compounds. Hydrogen sulfide produced by living organisms imparts the characteristic odor to rotting eggs and other biological processes. (Read more at Wikipedia)

Friday, April 4, 2014

The Element no. 015

Copyright M. Berry Jr. 2014

Helium is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inertmonatomic gas that heads the noble gas group in the periodic table. Its boiling and melting points are the lowest among the elements and it exists only as a gas except in extreme conditions.
Helium is the second lightest element and is the second most abundant element in the observable universe, being present at about 24% of the total elemental mass, which is more than 12 times the mass of all the heavier elements combined. (Read more at Wikipedia)